Semen is the fluid containing sperm, plus other sugar and protein substances. It is released during ejaculation. Semen analysis is therefore, the process of analyzing semen in order to ascertain the health and viability of sperm. It is also known as sperm count test. Semen is the fluid containing sperm, plus other sugar and protein substances. It is released during ejaculation. Semen analysis is therefore, the process of analyzing semen in order to ascertain the health and viability of sperm. It is also known as sperm count test.
FACTORS IN SEMEN
There are basically three factors that are measured or checked in semen analysis. These include:
- the number of sperm (sperm count)
- the shape of the sperm (sperm morphology)
- the movement of sperm (sperm motility)
Other factors also assessed in semen analysis are:
- Accessory gland
IMPORTANT OF SEMEN ANALYSIS
Analysis Semen analysis is very important in infertility treatment. It is usually recommended when couples are having difficulty conceiving after more than one year of sexual intercourse.
Semen analysis determines:
- if the man is fertile or infertile
- if the sperm count is low
- if the sperm is healthy or dysfunctional
- if low sperm count or dysfunctional (unhealthy) sperm is the cause of infertility
- the success of vasectomy. (Vasectomy is a permanent birth control measure in which the tubes that transport sperms from the testicles are deliberately cut and sealed. Hence, the absence of sperm in the semen means the surgery was successful).
HOW SEMEN ANALYSIS IS CONDUCTED
Semen samples are collected and then examined. Semen sample can be collected from the man through any of the following means:
- Sex with condom
- Sex with withdrawal before ejaculation
- Stimulated ejaculation through electrical impulse
Normal Results in Semen Analysis show:
- The Volume of Semen The volume of semen considered normal is above 2 millilitres. A volume below 2 millilitres may indicate low sperm count which may also result in the inability to fertilize an egg. A higher volume may also indicate a possible diluted sperm.
- Sperm Count: The normal amount of sperm in a semen analysis sample is between 15 million – above 200 million. Anything less than 15 million is considered low sperm count, and this could pose a threat the ability to conceive.
- Sperm Morphology (shape): The result of the semen analysis is normal if more than 50% of the sperm have normal shape. These include the head, mid-section or tail. Abnormal shape of sperm can affect their ability to penetrate and fertilize the female egg. Hence, less than 50% of normal shaped sperm reduces fertility chances.
- Sperm Motility (movement): The result of semen analysis is also considered normal if more than 50% of the sperm can move or swims normally after one hour of ejaculation. Sperm motility is important because the sperm must swim or travel to meet and fertilize the female egg.
- Semen Colour: The normal semen colour should appear whitish or gray and opalescent (i.e. like an opal). Any other colour may indicate health problem. For example, reddish-brown colour could mean blood in the semen. A tint of yellow could indicate jaundice, etc.
- Rate of liquefaction: Semen is usually thick but afterwards it turns watery, a process called liquefaction. This watery state of the semen helps the sperm to swim through it to the female egg. The normal time for the liquefaction is 15-30 minutes. If it takes longer, it could affect the sperm’s ability to reach and fertilize the egg, thus, causing infertility problem.
Conclusion: Abnormal result of a semen analysis indicates a possible infertility difficulty, in which case one would need to see a fertility specialist.Which is where GREEN-ONYX FERTILITY CLINIC, Lagos Nigeria, comes in. At GREEN-ONYX FERTILITY CLINIC, we’ve got highly qualified and experienced specialists, plus a state-of-the-art facility to conduct semen analysis and all other forms of fertility treatment like IVF, IUI, Egg Donation, Egg Sharing, etc.So, wait no longer. Book appoint with us today.